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[Weekender] New force in Korean entertainment industry: Middle-aged women

With more time and money to spare, new fans in their 50s, 60s and above take the lead with active engagement

June 10, 2023 - 16:01 By Park Ga-young
Singer Kim Ho-joong, 31, poses with his fans during a concert on March 15 at Sejong Center for the Performing Arts in central Seoul. (Think Entertainment)

On March 15, fans clad in purple crowded Sejong Center for the Performing Arts near Gwanghwamun, central Seoul. Some wore purple clothes, while others wore purple hats, scarves, brooches -- anything purple representing their beloved singer.

The color, enthusiasm and dedication of these fans immediately brought to mind BTS' fan community, Army. However, what set these particular fans apart was something truly remarkable -- their age.

According to the 2022 BTS Army Census, a survey of BTS Army members, 30.3 percent were under 18, 53.63 percent were aged 18 to 29, 9.31 percent were aged 30 to 39, and only 6.75 percent were aged 40 or over.

On that particular day, the fan community in purple were Aristra, the fans of 31-year-old singer Kim Ho-joong, who emerged as a star from TV Chosun’s "Mr. Trot" show in 2020. At the Sejong Center, the first classical music concert of the trot singer, who was originally trained in classical voice, was about to take place. Excitement filled the air as fans eagerly lined up, hoping to secure last-minute canceled tickets for the two-day concert.

"I used to live next to Jamsil (where large-scale concerts often take place). When I saw young people flooding in from rented buses from all around the country, I felt sorry for their parents," Choi Young-sil, a fan of Kim's since 2020, told The Korea Herald. "Little did I know then that I myself would be traveling on a rental bus to tour my favorite singer's concerts around the country." Choi has always loved music but with Kim, she turned into a very dedicated fan in her late 60s.

She would attend almost all of Kim's concerts around the country and visit places that Kim visited, although she was too late to reserve a spot on a cruise, where tickets cost $2,000-$3,000 apiece and sold out quickly. A group of Kim and 3,000 fans left the port of Pohang on June 5 for a seven-day cruise trip that will visit Japan and Taiwan.

“His songs and life story are truly inspiring. Many fans get energy from him," Choi said.

Choi was in her late 40s back when Korean actor Bae Yong-joon took Japan by storm following the airing of “Winter Sonata” in 2003, backed by Japanese women in their 40s, 50s and older. Like many others in Korea, she thought the "Yonsama (Bae's nickname in Japan)" phenomenon -- which led huge numbers of Japanese tourists to Korea -- was interesting but nothing more than that.


A bus is wrapped with a photo of Kim Ho-joong and an advertisement made by his fans for his concert in 2022. (Solid Company)

Times have changed, and these middle-aged fans are fully involved in supporting their idols in every way possible and their commitment and enthusiasm for their favorite artists rival those of fans of K-pop stars. Just like K-pop fans, they create buses adorned with their singer's photo for traversing the country, as well as pay for advertisements to be displayed in subway stations to celebrate their singer's birthday or new album releases. These devoted fans even make monetary donations in the name of their beloved musicians to help those in need. They actively participate in volunteer work, proudly representing their fan community. The ultimate display of their devotion can be seen in the form of streets named after their cherished musicians like the 400-meter-long Kim Ho-joong Sound Street in Gimcheon-si, North Gyeongsang Province, where he went to Gimcheon High School of Arts.

Members of Lim Young-woong's fan club, "Hero Dynasty," participate in volunteer work. (Hero Dynasty)


The Kim Ho-joong Sound Street in Gimcheon-si, North Gyeongsang Province. (Gimcheon-si)

In fact, fans in their 50s, 60s and older have proven to be a force that moves Korea’s entertainment business with real purchasing power and time in the past three years.

On April 8, Lim Young-woong, 31, appeared for the ceremonial kickoff at the Seoul World Cup Stadium in front of 45,007 fans. The news of his appearance brought many middle-aged women to a football stadium for the first time in their lives, creating the largest crowd since the K League started tallying paying spectators in 2018.

Lim Young-woong and his dancers perform during halftime in the K League 1 FC Seoul vs. Daegu FC match held at the Seoul World Cup Stadium on April 8. (Yonhap)

Lim has established himself as one of the most influential singers in Korea. From January 7, 2022 to January 7, 2023, he garnered a staggering total of 390 million views on YouTube, which put him No. 2 in South Korea, just behind IU and followed by BTS, in terms of numbers of views. Lim reportedly earns 30 billion won to 40 billion won ($23 million to $30 million) from music streaming.

To boost streaming views, fans share their know-how on how to run their idol's songs on multiple platforms at the same time, according to multiple fans.

"A fan in her 80s asked me what she could do for the singer she loves other than purchasing an album, so I taught her how to stream his songs on YouTube, Melon, Genie Music and Vibe," a fan who wishes to remain anonymous told The Korea Herald.


A famous restaurant in Gangwon Province where the owner is a fan of Lim Young-woong and has a section dedicated to the singer (Park Ga-young/The Korea Herald)


The cover of "Why do we love Lim Young-woong?" published in April by Hans Media (Hans Media)

"Producers in the pop culture industry must have realized the enormity of the middle-aged market and the astonishing potential of this new type of fan community," Jowi, the author of "Why do we love Lim Young-woong?" told The Korea Herald. Jowi is a pen name.

Jowi wrote the book after deciding the popularity of Lim is something unique and makes people unite based on having similar experiences of feeling healed when listening to his songs.

"Within this fan community comprised of middle-aged individuals, there is a growing awareness that their actions can bring about changes in the music industry and market landscape. This realization that 'we can change the market' can serve as a small driving force that enriches these fans' lives," the author said.