State-authored history textbooks not mandatory: ministry
 State-authored history textbooks will be officially released for use in schools in March 2018 instead of March next year as initially planned, the Education Ministry announced Tuesday.
* state-authored: 국가가 쓴 (state:국가, author(동사): (저작물 등을) 쓰다 * instead of ~: ~대신에 (=in lieu of ~) * initially(부사): 최초에, 처음에 (originally: 원래) initial(형용사) 처음의
 The ministry also scrapped plans to mandate all schools to use the state-authored textbooks, effectively signaling the renunciation of one of the most disputed projects initiated by the Park Geun-hye administration.
* scrap: 폐기하다(=discard) withdraw: 철회하다, cancel: 취소하다 * take off the table: (협상 등에서) 선택 사항에서 배제하다 * mandate: 강제하다 (mandatary: 강제적인, 필수적인) * effectively: 사실상 (=virtually, practically) * renunciation: 포기 (renounce: 포기하다) * disputed: 논란의 여지가 있는 (=controversial, contentious) * undisputed: 반박의 여지가 없는, 확고한 * initiate: 착수하게 하다
 After the ministry’s announcement, the presidential office Cheong Wa Dae expressed disappointment over the decision. President Park, who has been in seclusion since her impeachment resolution on Dec. 9, is also said to have urged for the implementation of the textbook plan during a meeting with officials last week.
* in seclusion: 은둔상태에 있는 (in hiding: 몸을 숨기는, seclude 사람A from B: 사람A를 B로부터 숨기다) * impeachment: 탄핵, (impeach: 탄핵하다) * resolution: 결의안 * implementation: 이행 (implement: 이행, 실행하다)
 Dozens of lawmakers defected from President Park Geun-hye’s governing Saenuri Party on Tuesday over the corruption scandal involving Park and her aides, pledging to create a new conservative party in the run-up to next year’s presidential election.
* dozen: 열두 개/명 * defect: (나라/단체 등을) 탈주하다, 이탈하다 (North Korean defector: 탈북자) * governing party: 여당 (=ruling party) (<-> opposition party: 야당, opposition bloc: 야권) * aide: 보좌관, 측근 (subordinate: 부하직원) * pledge: 다짐하다, 약속하다 * run-up to ~: (중요한 행사 등) 얼마 전의 기간 * presidential election: 대통령 선거
 The conservative party’s split marks a turning point for South Korean politics as it witnesses four major parties competing for power for the first time since 1990. At that time, there were two conservative and two liberal parties until they realigned into one big conservative and one minor liberal party.
 Their rebellion against Saenuri came after most anti-Park lawmakers joined opposition parties in passing the impeachment motion against the president earlier this month. Up to 62 Saenuri lawmakers are thought to have approved the motion in a secret ballot.
* rebellion: 반란 * came after ~: ~이후에 일어나다 (came on the heels of ~: ~직후에 일어나다) * impeachment motion: 탄핵안 발의 * up to ~: 최대 ~(= as many as ~)